Volume 18 Issue 462-Jamadi ul II 27, 1439 AH March 16, 2018

:: Articles & News
::Bank of Canada head underlines potential of Quebec child care for entire country

The head of the Bank of Canada is pointing to Quebec’s subsidized child-care program as a possible tool to boost the entire economy because it could significantly raise female workforce participation across the country. In a speech Tuesday, bank governor Stephen Poloz used Quebec’s affordable child-care model as one way to show how Canada could unlock some of the considerable untapped potential in its labour force. Helping more women, young people, Indigenous peoples, recent immigrants and Canadians living with disabilities enter the job market could help the labour force expand by half a million people, he said. By his estimate, that kind of workforce injection could raise the country’s output by $30 billion per year or 1.5 per cent. “That’s equal to a permanent increase in output of almost $1,000 per Canadian every year, even before you factor in the possible investment and productivity gains that would come with such an increase in labour supply,” said prepared remarks of Poloz’s speech at Queen’s University in Kingston, Ont. “Clearly, that is a prize worth pursuing.” He added that encouraging more people into the workforce would also enable Canada to permanently raise its growth capacity without generating higher inflation. Poloz highlighted Quebec’s child-care program as one model to help women, which he noted represent the largest source of economic potential, enter the workforce. He credited the province’s child-care program for raising prime-age female workforce participation from 74 per cent 20 years ago to about 87 per cent today. In comparison, he said about 83 per cent of prime-age women participate in the national workforce. “If we could simply bring the participation rate of prime-age women in the rest of Canada up to the level in Quebec, we could add almost 300,000 people to our country’s workforce,” said Poloz, who noted the central bank has no role in implementing specific policies designed to break down labour-force barriers. He noted that the federal government’s budget last month made commitments aimed at increasing the labour-force participation of women. However, some economists and critics have said while the federal budget took steps in the right direction, they argued its failure to announce steps towards national affordable child care likely means a significant number of women will remain out of the workforce. Source: CBC News

::New mortgage rules behind slide in B.C. home sales, realtors say

VANCOUVER -- The British Columbia Real Estate Association says tough mortgage qualification rules are a key reason for a provincewide drop in housing demand last month compared with February 2017.
The association says home sales fell 5.7 per cent in February, with about 6,200 properties changing hands.
Chief economist Cameron Muir says on a seasonally adjusted basis, sales have plummeted more than 26 per cent since new federal mortgage rules took effect at the beginning of the year. But the association says prices continue to climb, with the average home selling for just over $748,000, an 8.8 per cent jump over February of last year.
The Office of the Superintendent of Financial Institutions implemented new lending guidelines in January that require borrowers who don’t need mortgage insurance to show they would still be able to make payments if interest rates rise.In order to get insurance, homebuyers must prove they can service their uninsured mortgage at a qualifying rate two percentage points higher than the lender’s rate or the Bank of Canada’s five-year benchmark rate, currently set at 5.14 per cent. Source: The Canadian Press

::B.C. MP responsible for Atwal invite fiasco steps down as B.C. caucus chair

Surrey Liberal MP Randeep Sarai is stepping down as chair of the Pacific Caucus after inviting a would-be assassin to a dinner reception with Prime Minister Justin Trudeau in India. Sarai has taken responsibility for inviting Jaspal Atwal — a B.C. Sikh convicted of the attempted murder of an Indian cabinet minister in B.C. in 1986 — to an event during Trudeau’s recent trip to India. “I want to again apologize for my role in recent unfortunate events,” said Sarai in a tweet Tuesday afternoon. “Moving forward, I will be exercising better judgment. “As I don’t want to distract from the good work of the Pacific Caucus, I will be stepping down as caucus chair.” Trudeau has accepted Sarai’s resignation, said a statement from the Prime Minister’s Office. Controversy erupted last week after Atwal was photographed with the prime minister’s wife Sophie Gregoire Trudeau at an event in Mumbai, then was invited to a dinner reception at the Canadian High Commissioner’s residence in Delhi. Atwal’s presence was an embarrassing setback from Trudeau, who had spent much of his trip trying to reassure Indian political leaders that Canada does not support separatist Sikh extremists. Sarai, who was elected to represent Surrey Centre in 2015, was one of 14 MPs on the trip to India. He had said it was his choice alone to include Atwal on the guest list. Meanwhile, Trudeau was grilled during question period Tuesday by opposition MPs about the invitations issued to Atwal. Trudeau is standing by a senior government official who suggested factions within the Indian government were involved in sabotaging the prime minister’s visit to India. In a background briefing arranged by the Prime Minister’s Office, a government official last week suggested that Atwal’s presence was arranged by factions within the Indian government who want to prevent Prime Minister Narendra Modi from getting too cosy with a foreign government they believe is not committed to a united India.
Source: Vancouver Sun

::Premier Doug Ford would be bad news for all three federal leaders
Trudeau, Singh and Scheer will all face new problems if the plain-spoken, policy-light Ford takes over Ontario,
By:Chantal Hebert , Torstar
MONTREAL — The prospect that Doug Ford could be in charge of Canada’s largest province by July 1 is bad news for the three main federal leaders.
For Prime Minister Justin Trudeau, it could mean that the federal-provincial window of opportunity to execute some of his government’s signature policy missions is inexorably closing.
Without a high degree of provincial buy-in, the rollout of Trudeau’s climate pricing policy risks being anything but smooth.
The main policy take-away of the abbreviated Ontario leadership campaign was a reversal of the Tories’ carbon-tax friendly position.
Ford set the stage for that reversal. Among the leadership candidates, he also came across as the least amenable to the federal government’s carbon pricing agenda.
The conflicting political interests of Alberta and British Columbia’s New Democrat governments have already upset the balance Trudeau is seeking to strike between increasing Canada’s pipeline capacity and the mitigation of climate change.
His advocacy of the Trans Mountain pipeline expansion could yet throw a wrench in his government’s relationship with Canada’s Indigenous peoples.
But so far, the carbon pricing debate had mostly been playing out on a Western Canada battlefield.
A Tory victory in Ontario in June would bring that battle to Central Canada just in time for the federal election.
Indeed, by the fall of 2019, Trudeau’s climate change policy could be challenged by a trifecta made up of conservative governments in Ontario, Alberta and Saskatchewan. Under the Liberal plan, the federal government would impose its own carbon tax in provinces that refuse to adopt their own mechanism to price emissions. At the time of the National Energy Program, Trudeau’s father successfully drove a wedge between the Tory governments of Ontario and Alberta with the former aligning itself with the federal Liberals.
Based on the keynote speech he delivered at Saturday’s Ontario leadership event, Alberta’s official opposition leader Jason Kenney — should he succeed in becoming premier next year — is not about to let history repeat itself.
And then in the federal budget released just a few weeks ago, Trudeau’s Liberals signalled their intention to make a national pharmacare program part of their re-election platform. But without the co-operation of the provinces — starting with that of Canada’s largest one — the federal plan could be dead on arrival.
For the Trudeau Liberals, the advent of a Ford government at Queen’s Park would inevitably make the governance of the federation more challenging. But those policy complications could come with an electoral silver lining.
Over the past decades, it has been the rule rather than the exception that Ontario voters put their election eggs in different federal and provincial baskets. Pierre Trudeau and Bill Davis; Brian Mulroney, David Peterson and Bob Rae; Jean Chrétien and Mike Harris; Stephen Harper and Dalton McGuinty all had parallel tenures.
For a federal opposition leader, the presence of strong premiers of the same partisan stripe in some of the major provinces has more often than not been a recipe for misery.
Just ask NDP leader Jagmeet Singh as he tries to navigate between the warring NDP governments of Alberta and B.C. over the Trans Mountain expansion.
Even in their current roles as provincial opposition leaders, Ford and Kenney stand to overshadow their mild-mannered federal counterpart Andrew Scheer.
The perception that Scheer — as prime minister — would be at the beck and call of two take-no-prisoners provincial leaders (who by then could have become premiers) would not be an asset as he tries to win back the moderate voters who deserted Harper in 2015.
With memories of the Harper decade still fresh and with an Ontario/Alberta tandem of the same right-of-centre variety in place, Singh would have a hard sell on his hands trying to convince many progressive voters to take a chance on splitting the non-Conservative vote between his NDP and Trudeau’s Liberals.
Some of the NDP’s strongest scores were achieved in elections that resulted in a federal Conservative majority government.
A word in closing: Quebec will be going to the polls just a few months after Ontario. For the first time in decades, the issue of the province’s political future is not expected to be the subliminal theme of the campaign. It is not a coincidence that for the first time in just about as many decades, none of the Quebec leaders on the ballot next fall will be in contention for becoming the most polarizing premier on the federal-provincial scene.

::Rawanda’s capital city, Kigali, Africa’s cleanest city

Rwanda’s capital city, Kigali, is the cleanest city in Africa. The litter-free streets and manicured gardens paint a completely different picture to the derelict African cities portrayed in the media. At the end of August, the Kigali city office began the implementation of its car-free zone policy that aims to ban all cars from the CBD.This is the most recent in a long line of mandates that have been employed to drive the clean up of the city – and it all seems to come from the top. Rwandan President Paul Kagame runs a tight ship and is an active advocate for green living. By banning the manufacture and use of plastic bags, promoting anti-littering habits and hosting a mandatory community clean-up once a month, the local government has succeeded in breeding a culture of eco-conscious citizens. The banning of cars and minibuses in the city centre is part of a larger plan to create a pedestrian-friendly city, where citizens can rely on dependable bus transportation for their daily commute. In order to ensure an efficient transportation system, the city’s prominent bus companies have imported fleets of new 60 seater buses in preparation for the sudden influx of public transport users. In addition to this, the government will be installing Wi-Fi hotspots for pedestrians walking the streets and have already equipped its buses with Wi-Fi connection, with plans to install cashless payment systems. Apart from the positive impact it will have on air pollution in the city, the car-free initiative will also significantly reduce high traffic congestion on the busy roads. “We are doing this to decongest the area for businesses around. It will also ease the process of creating green transport areas within the city. We have identified places where people will park their cars as they transact businesses within that area,” said the city’s engineer Dr. Alphonse Nkurunziza. Source:

::16 Leadership Lessons From Ruler of Dubai Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum

Afrom :Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum book “My Vision:.....
leader may be able to force something no one else can. This is one of the qualities that make true leaders. They must always look forward, further than anyone else, in order to anticipate the future, predict the challenges it will bring, and prepare their people to face them.
We cannot sit idly by and say that we do not know what will happen in the future, because if we let events shape our future, they could dictate a scenario that we do not want; and if we let others make our future, they will give us the future they want and not one that we envisage.

If we don t choose the future, we will be showing the past. Our past was glorious, but it cannot dictate our present or our future. we are not required to fee ourselves from our past, because it lies in our conscience, but we have to free ourselves from staying in the past. Our present should be our starting point and the future should be our target. We must decide how to build the future.

When leaders have the ability to force the future – as well as the road leading to it – they are the best people to fulfill its promise. However, if we fail for any reason, we must relinquish leadership to others more capable of realizing the vision. We must plan, endeavor, innovate and do our best to reach our goals, and then let God do the rest.
I consider the officials of the government of Dubai as the leaders of our people because of their substantial responsibilities and their senior positions in the government.
While I can provide advice, guidance and encouragement to help us achieve our mutual goals, I cannot make each and every one of them a leader on my own.

Together, we can establish the quality of a leader at all levels, right to the top of the pyramid. All officials can determine whether they have the qualities that make a leader. if they conclude they do not have what I takes, they might decide to improve their performance, acquire new skills and explore their hidden potential, so that they can discharge their duties as best they can.
The qualities leaders at all levels should posses include the following (for the sake of simplicity, I have used the male gender in the list and elsewhere, but hasten to add that any leader could just as easily be female as male):

1. Lead From The Front
The ability to lead from the front, to take the initiative and tell those following him,
“This is our target, so follow me to it,’ instead of saying “ I am right behind you.”
2. Visions with specific objectives
To give his people’s interests top priority, embody their aspirations, meet their needs and formulate equations that can achieve these goals, through one or more visions with specific objectives and implementation stages.
3. Adopt decisions which fulfill the aims of his vision
To adopt decisions which fulfill the aims of his vision, and to be ready to battle the odds, even though not all members of is team might agree with him.
4. True
leaders should take the blame for wrong
To shoulder his responsibilities and discharge them as best he can. True leaders should take the blame for wrong decisions. They should be prepared to say, “I am the leader and I am the one who made these mistakes,” and on the other hand, credit success to his team. A true leader does not evade the consequences, no matter how harsh they might be. He actually enjoys bearing responsibility and even looks for it.
5. Set an example for his followers
To meet any crisis head-on, face the difficulties preventing him from reaching his targets and remove any obstacles impeding the way to success. A leader must meet the expectations of his team and always set an example for his followers. This does not mean that he should be involved in solving all the problems, big and small, as he should always respect the chain of command, while all members of the team should understand and follow this chain.
6. To empower others
To empower others, which is easier said than done, because, after all, we are all human and many people tend to be egoistical and lack the power and humility of a true leader, giving themselves precedence over everybody else.
7. Leaders always try to gain knowledge from their acquaintances
To consult with others and engage in dialogue. God urged faithful Muslims to consult one another and said in Holy Qur’an,
“And consult with them upon the conduct of affairs.” Our Prophet Mohammed (PBUH) was our example for the importance of consultation. Abu Hurairah, one of the most learned companions of the Prophet (PBUH), said, “I have not seen anyone who consulted with his companions more than Mohammed the messenger.”
Good advice can correct a wrong step taken and other mistakes. Some leaders turn their noses up at consultation and consider it a sign of weakness, but I believe it promotes the leader’s power and the respect of his followers. When Sheikh Zayed asked for my opinion about a certain issue, I used to wonder what I could possibly say, when I was certain he already knew much more about the issue and its solution than I did. Leaders always try to gain knowledge from their acquaintances, because no one really knows where the next bright idea or suggestion may come from. They are perceptive and realize that they cannot judge people solely by their appearance and position.
Consultation has other benefits too, such as being a sure way to promote better knowledge and decisions. It can also broaden your horizons and assist leaders in their decisions. If those consulted provide advice in good faith and are sincere, courageous and frank, then consultation can be a process of accountability.
This does not weaken a leader’s position but on the contrary, strengthens it, because his final goal is to serve public interest and not personal ones.
8. leader should set clear goals for himself and his team
A leader should set clear goals for himself and his team so that he can interact with them and unequivocally commit himself to his goals. If he lost this commitment and interaction, he would lose his ability to see clearly and both he and his followers could lose track of the right course.
9. leader draws his power from his faith
in God
A leader draws his power from his faith in God, his country and his determination – not from the strength of his guards and escort.
10. Leader is self-confident by nature
A leader is self-confident by nature. If he was not, he would not be able to trust anyone.
A true leader must therefore trust his team, his country and his people, and link this trust to his determination to implement his vision and plans under all circumstances.
11. A leader does not follow working hours and has no weekends or holidays
Knowledge is essential in making the right decisions. A leader must know how to execute his job and have the mental and physical qualifications that enable him to carry out his duties. A leader does not follow working hours and has no weekends or holidays. He must always be alert and ready to take the necessary decisions anytime, day or night. We cannot expect leaders to be impeccable orators and writers, but they must be fluent enough to express themselves clearly. Our drill sergeants at the military academy insist on mastering this skill all the time.
A leader must know how to deliver his instructions to his team in a way that guarantees they clearly understand them before implementing them, leaving no chance for misunderstanding and errors.
The use of complex ideas, vague images and difficult-to-understand language using ‘big’ words is waste of time and raises more questions than answers. Some of those who hear these types of instructions do not actually listen to them, while others may interpret them incorrectly. this leaves ample space for different interpretations and course of action. A leader must use simple, everyday speech, explain himself clearly without too much detail, and avoid detours and repetition.
12. Leader should clearly define the message he wants to convey
A leader should also clearly define the message he wants to convey and carefully select the words he uses with his audience. Since speech is not the only means of communication between people, a leader must always monitor the reaction and behavior of his audience. He must choose the right words for the right occasion and deliver well articulated ideas in a clear voice, using harmonious gestures and a presentation technique representative of the leadership’s status and prominence, in order to promote confidence in his subordinates and his image among them.
Stuttering, hesitation, mediocre performances and too much repetition do not reflect a good leader.
13. Leader must persuade his people to
accept his visions and goals
It is the duty of any leader to persuade his people to accept his visions and goals, in order to enlist their full cooperation in implementing them. In addition, he must always be ready to defend his decisions and vision, using his power of persuasion, sound reasoning and accurate data.
14. Leader’s devotion to subordinates
is crucial
Although the allegiance of subordinates to their leader is important, his devotion to them is even more crucial. The same goes for trust and respect. These are interconnected relationships and links of the same chain; the moment one of them breaks, for whatever reason, confidence will break down and will be extremely difficult to restore. It is therefore very important that no party to this kind of relationship pushes the other party into losing his/their confidence.
15. Leader motivates and encourages the members of his team
It almost goes without saying that when a leader motivates and encourages the members of his team, they will enjoy their work and be inspired to greater achievements.
16. Leader should be the symbol of a
society and living example to the younger generation
A leader should be the symbol of a society and living example to the younger generation. A successful leader must set a good example for his team – how can he expect their commitment if he himself is not completely committed? How does a leader expect his team to earn the respect of the public and provide it with good services if he himself does not respect them, solve their problems or interact with them sufficiently? An Arab proverb says,“be their example and you will secure their proficiency.”
A leader therefore needs to set the example through his humbleness, personal character, shouldering of responsibilities, fairness and objectivity.

Want to learn more from Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum, you would want to purchase this book:

“My Vision:
Challenges in the Race for Excellence”
This book will teach you how to run a
successful city or even a Government.
One of best books written on Leadership.


::‘Design flaw’ in Compass upgrade could multiply some fares by 4 times

Jon Woodward, Reporter, CTV Vancouver
One potential pitfall of upgrading TransLink’s fare card system to accept multiple payment options such as credit cards and mobile phones could be multiple charges for some riders.
The possibility some riders could be billed more than four times the price of a one-zone fare for a one-zone trip is one reason the transit authority is urging riders to ‘tap their card, not their wallet,’ so there’s no chance a confused Compass card reader could bill the wrong card.
But an activist who watched a fare card system in Chicago designed by the same contractor allegedly overbill many riders says it shouldn’t be up to passengers to avoid surprise extra charges. “Charging people twice for the same ride – that’s a design flaw,” said Chicago freedom of information activist Jason Prechtel, pointing to a class-action lawsuit against that city’s Ventra card that was sparked by some riders claiming they had been double-billed.
“I was writing about this stuff in 2013 and 2014 and to read about this in 2018 – it boggles my mind. To a certain extent, I had assumed that because of the negative publicity they had learned their lesson in some of these issues,” he said.
Right now, it’s just Compass Cards that are charged when riders tap them against Compass readers. On the SkyTrain, a rider can tap on with one reader and tap off on another, with the system calculating the correct fare. A discounted one-zone trip is $2.20. Now, TransLink is upgrading the capability of the Compass readers so they can accept payment from credit cards and mobile phones. The idea is to make the system more accessible to tourists or infrequent riders. That change could introduce complications when paying for a trip by putting multiple payment options near the scanner like a wallet, which TransLink says is weighted to read a Compass Card but may read a contactless credit card instead.
::Changes coming for medical inadmissibility in Canada by Mid April: Hon Imm. Minister

OTTAWA – New steps will be announced when taking into account medical conditions into consideration for an acceptance or rejection of a Permanent Residence application by mid-April 2018, Immigration Minister Ahmed Hussen said Thursday, Feb 15, 2018.
The Minister along with the Liberal government have been under pressure for past few months to overhaul the medical inadmissibility provisions of Canada’s immigration law. Medical Inadmissibility allows Immigration Officers to refuse an applicant based on their medical history resulting in excessive demand to the Canadian government. Opposition of medical inadmissibility argue, inadmissibility based on excessive demand due to health reasons, is a cause for discrimination against people with disabilities; in December, the House of Commons immigration committee recommended the entire provision be scrapped.
Minister Ahmed Hussen admitted to the problem and stated. “The policy is out of step with Canadian values on accommodating people with disabilities.” He also advised the Federal government has been in consultation with provinces and territories. The Minister stated he wanted to review the House of Commons immigration committee’s own report before deciding on how to proceed. The response will come by April 12, Hussen said – the deadline for the government to respond to the report. “I will encourage you to wait for that response and in that response you’ll find how we’re proceeding on this issue,” he said.
What is Excessive demand ?
Currently an applicant can fall under two streams of excessive demand, excessive demand on health services and/or social services. “Health services” is defined as any health services for which the majority of funds are contributed by governments, including the services of family physicians, medical specialists, nurses, chiropractors and physiotherapists, laboratory services and the supply of pharmaceutical or hospital care.
“Social services” as any social services, such as home care, specialized residence and residential services, special education services, social and vocational rehabilitation services, personal support services and the provision of devices related to those services,
1.that are intended to assist a person in functioning physically, emotionally, socially, psychologically or vocationally; and
2.for which the majority of the funding, including funding that provides direct or indirect financial support to an assisted person, is contributed by governments, either directly or through publicly-funded agencies.
Measuring Cost of Excessive Demand
The cost threshold is determined by multiplying the per capita cost of Canadian health and social services by the number of years used in the medical assessment for the individual applicant. This cost threshold is updated every year.
Effective January 1, 2017, the updated cost threshold is $6,655 per year. This figure is usually multiplied by five (unless the anticipated length of stay is shorter than five years or there is evidence that significant costs are likely to be incurred beyond that period, in which case the period is no more than 10 consecutive years). This results in the legislated threshold of $33,275.
Approximately 1,000 permanent residency applications are flagged each year for medical inadmissibility. It can lead to an entire family being rejected on the grounds that one member has a disability.





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