Volume 17 Issue 451- Muharrum 22, 1439 AH October 13, 2017

:: Articles & News
::Trade troubles face Trudeau on trip to Washington and Mexico City

Prime Minister Justin Trudeau plans to talk trade, security and gender equality during his four-day trip to the United States and Mexico that begins Tuesday. But there is little doubt one of those subjects will get more attention than the others. Trudeau is facing multiple trade-related challenges with both countries. Talks on the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) have slowed and soured, with the mood expected to get worse, and Canada is frustrated by the U.S. decision to slap 300 per cent duties on Bombardier’s CSeries planes. The softwood lumber dispute has also not yet been settled. Trudeau arrived in the Washington area late Tuesday afternoon. He will also take questions during a keynote address at Fortune Magazine’s Most Powerful Women Summit in the evening. Trudeau will shift gears early Wednesday when he visits the congressional ways and means committee on Capitol Hill — an opportunity to share his message about the importance of Canada/U.S. trade with influential lawmakers. On the eve of talks, U.S. President Donald Trump continued to threaten the viability of the deal, this time to Forbes. “I happen to think that NAFTA will have to be terminated if we’re going to make it good. Otherwise, I believe you can’t negotiate a good deal... . [The Trans-Pacific Partnership] would have been a large-scale version of NAFTA. It would have been a disaster,” he said in an article published Monday. “I consider that a great accomplishment, stopping that. And there are many people that agree with me. I like bilateral deals.” Despite the president’s renewed threats, Congress has some power to intervene. “Congress is potentially our shield against an administration which is the most protectionist that we’ve seen,” said Colin Robertson, a former Canadian diplomat. Robertson thinks it is smart for Trudeau to ramp up his so-called charm offensive with U.S. politicians outside of the White House. “This is something he will have to continue to cultivate,” Robertson added. But the most anticipated moment of the trip will be Trudeau’s face-to-face meeting with Trump. The pair have developed a positive rapport, according to a spokesman in the Prime Minister’s Office, and are looking to further develop that relationship. But their meeting takes place at the same time the fourth round of NAFTA talks begin, also in Washington. The PMO confirmed Tuesday those talks have already been extended so ministers from Canada, the United States and Mexico could all attend a meeting next Tuesday. There is little positivity left at the negotiating table, especially as the U.S. is expected to make its most contentious demands during this round of discussions. “I think they [the talks] are going poorly, they’re having difficulty even nailing down the low-hanging fruit,” said Jerry Dias, president of Canada’s largest private-sector union, Unifor. U.S. proposals on the rules for automobile content, dispute resolution and the dairy industry are expected to be unveiled this week. The U.S. has already been accused of making demands that neither Canada nor Mexico would ever agree to. The PMO spokesman said Trudeau plans to discuss NAFTA, but noted that the real work is being done by negotiators behind the scenes. Trudeau also plans to bring up Canada’s frustration with the U.S. Department of Commerce over the Bombardier duties. Foreign Minister Chrystia Freeland has been outspoken on this issue, calling the duties “baseless and absurdly high.” Trudeau also plans to discuss security with Trump, integrated operations and NATO, according to the spokesman. Freeland and her parliamentary secretary on Canada-U.S. relations, Andrew Leslie, will accompany Trudeau to Washington. Trudeau will round out his North American tour with a stop in Mexico City. President Enrique Pena Nieto has a full day of meetings planned with Trudeau and, again, trade will likely be the key point of discussion; so much so that International Trade Minister Francois-Philippe Champagne will join Trudeau and Freeland for this leg of the trip. Canada and Mexico hold wildly different positions on several aspects of NAFTA, most notably labour standards. But the prime minister’s spokesman says other issues will come up, including gender equality. Trudeau is also expected to take some time to visit some of the regions hard hit by two earthquakes that struck this past summer. Source: CBC News

::Global childhood obesity rates now 10 times higher than in 1975

There are now 10 times as many obese children and teens around the world than there were 40 years ago, and if current trends continue, there will soon be even more kids dangerously overweight than underweight, according to a new World Health Organization study. The study, published ahead of World Obesity Day, found that the rates of childhood obesity soared from less than 1 per cent in 1975, to nearly 6 per cent in girls and nearly 8 per cent in boys in 2016. Put another way, there were only 11 million obese kids and teens around the world in 1975. By 2016, that number had risen to 124 million, with several million more children considered overweight but below the threshold for obesity. Kids and teens in many countries in East Asia, Latin America and the Caribbean have rapidly moved from being mostly underweight 40 years ago to being mostly overweight. Current rates of childhood obesity are highest among many Polynesian islands, the U.S., and many countries in the Middle East, including Egypt, Kuwait, Qatar and Saudi Arabia. In 2016, the childhood obesity rate was highest in Polynesia and Micronesia, where a staggering 25.4 per cent of girls and 22.4 per cent of in boys are not just overweight but obese. Among high-income countries, the United States had the highest obesity rates, where girls ranked 15th and boys ranked 12th worldwide. Canada was ranked 44th for obesity among boys and 67th for girls. Overall, 9.9 per cent of Canadian girls are obese, as are 14.7 per cent of boys. The full results appear in The Lancet journal. There are still more underweight than overweight kids in the world. But if the current trends continue, that will reverse by 2022. The study’s lead author, Prof. Majid Ezzati of Imperial College London’s School of Public Health, says obesity rates continue to soar in low- and middle-income countries, in part because of the growing availability of high-calorie, low-nutrient processed foods. And while obesity rates have mostly plateaued in higher income countries, they remain “unacceptably” high. “We are looking at a generation of children who are gaining weight in their… childhood and will live with the effects over their lifetime of obesity,” he told CTV News. Ezzati said the “worrying trend” of rising obesity rates reflects the impact of food marketing and policies around the world, noting that unhealthy foods are aggressively marketed to children throughout the world. “At the same time, healthier options, fresh foods, are priced out of reach of the poorest people round the world,” he said. He said what’s needed are regulations and taxes to protect children from unhealthy foods, as well as ways to make healthy, nutritious food more available at home and school. Dr. Katherine Morrison, a pediatric endocrinologist and associate professor at the department of pediatrics at McMaster University in Hamilton, Ont., said obese children and teens are “much more likely” to develop heart disease and other health problems like diabetes in middle age. “The health consequences certainly are apparent in adulthood,” she told CTV News. “We do see it on a day-to-day basis and it makes me worry to see where these kids are heading,” she said. “Our job is to find the tools to help them lead healthier lives.” Dr. Nathalie Farpour-Lambert, the president-elect of the European Association for the Study of Obesity, said in a statement that obesity in childhood has a tendency to continue into adulthood, so that most who are obese as children will be obese into adulthood. That’s why the group wants to see health-care professionals trained to prevent and treat childhood obesity. The WHO has published an Ending Childhood Obesity (ECHO) Implementation Plan, which it says gives countries clear guidance on effective actions to curb childhood obesity. It says that no single intervention can halt the advance of the obesity epidemic, but their plan outlines ways to encourage countries to reduce consumption of cheap, processed, calorie-dense, nutrient-poor foods. It also offers advice on reducing the time children spend on sedentary activities and promoting more physical activity through recreation and sports. “Overweight and obesity cannot be solved through individual action alone,” say the authors of the ECHO Plan. “Comprehensive responses are needed to create healthy environments that can support individuals in making healthy choices grounded on knowledge and skills related to health and nutrition.”
Source: CTV News

::Join me, and together we will win in 2019. Jagmeet Singh
I don’t have the words to capture this journey, or how it feels right now to be writing to you as Leader of Canada’s NDP, but let me say that it is a profound honour. I am so thankful for this opportunity to serve.
Campaigns are never about individual candidates, but about teams and what we achieve together. So I want to begin my time as Leader by saying thank you to my incredible team, as well as all of the campaign teams and the thousands of volunteers and supporters who believed in our New Democratic message across the country.
Thank you to all the members that joined our party for the first time and the long-time members that took part in this race. Thank you to the NDP MPs, MLAs, MPPs, as well as all the City Councillors, labour activists, and organizers across the country, who were involved in this race. Thank you to the party and party staff for making this leadership race possible. And it should go without saying that we owe a tremendous debt of gratitude to Thomas Mulcair for his service and his sacrifice.
This leadership race has renewed excitement in our party, and raised powerful ideas.From Tommy to David, Ed, Audrey, Alexa, Jack and Tom - and now today, to all of us - we are the Party that is building a better Canada. And it is in us that you can see the future of our country - how great our country will be with a New Democratic Government.As Leader, I am so excited to work with you and all New Democrats over the next two years. Together, we will continue growing our party and reaching out to Canadians from coast to coast to coast.And together, we will win in 2019 and form the government Canada deserves.

::Good jobs, sustainable Economy at the heart of a Better B.C.

By B.C. Premier John Horgan
It’s time for British Columbians to share in the benefits of our strong economy.
Today’s families work harder than ever, yet many are falling further behind.
Wages have stagnated, part-time and unstable work has replaced good jobs, and people haven’t shared in the province’s economic prosperity.People need good paying jobs and the chance to get ahead. We’re building a better B.C. with good jobs and a strong, sustainable, and innovative economy that puts people first.Instead of focusing on one sector to create jobs, we’re working to strengthen traditional industries like forestry and mining, while supporting small business, tourism, agriculture, manufacturing, technology and innovation. We’re supporting venture capital investment in B.C. start-ups, and encouraging the growth of B.C. tech companies.
We’re supporting small business, starting with lowering the small business tax rate from 2.5 per cent to 2 per cent. We’re creating an Innovation Commission which will be both advocate and ambassador for B.C.’s tech sector. And an Emerging Economy Task Force will encourage innovative and sustainable industries and drive economic growth. To make sure the benefits of technology and innovation are felt around the province, we’ll work in partnership with rural and northern communities to make strategic investments that support innovation and job growth.
And we’ll keep fighting for a fair deal on softwood lumber that is good for B.C. forest workers, our softwood industry, and the communities that depend on it.
Creating good jobs for people doesn’t end there. We must invest in people and communities if we want those economic benefits to keep growing. By investing in education, skills training and apprenticeships, we can build the current and future workforce businesses depend on. New schools, hospitals, roads and homes for people will give communities the services they need to attract new jobs and investment.Taking action on climate change - the greatest challenge of our generation - will create thousands of jobs through energy retrofits and public infrastructure. And building strong communities will improve our quality of life and make B.C. an even better place to live, work, and raise a family.Together, we will build a better B.C. where everyone benefits from our economy, resources and environment, and no one is left behind.


::Extra traffic, crashes leading to regular delays on toll-free Port Mann Bridge

The Port Mann Bridge has seen its fair share of delayssince tolls were lifted on September 1st, and it’s not just the extra traffic volume. The crossing is handling an extra 30-thousand trips per day, leading to more significant accidents and frustrations for drivers. Commuters like Charity Long — who drives between Maple Ridge and Vancouver — have seen the difference. “My commute into work is an extra 25 minutes a day and my commute home has been at least an extra half hour,” she tells NEWS 1130, blaming more traffic and more accidents since the tolls were eliminated on the Port Mann and Golden Ears bridges. Long almost wishes the province would start charging drivers for crossing them again. “Absolutely, it’s terrible,” she laughs. “It’s selfish but I want those tolls back on.” Jen Coles in the NEWS 1130 Traffic Centre reports on the Port Mann Bridge during the busy weekday commute and says the delays have noticeably increased along Highway One over the past six weeks. “There are definitely more collisions, more problems and more volume. Every day we are seeing an issue in that stretch between the Port Mann and the Iron Workers Memorial Crossing,” she says. “Now that we are into the fall we can see it is an increase in volume and, in turn, an increase in problems. People are not paying attention, they’re driving too fast and not leaving enough time and room, causing problems.” Coles says callers to *1130 have been frustrated. “We went from a bridge that was not seeing a lot of volume, with a quick commute through the Burnaby Lake stretch. When there was a problem it didn’t cause much of a back up — we hadn’t seen a back up into Surrey since the tolls were put in,” she explains. “When you remove the tolls you get more volume and more collisions and now people are late for work and they’re trying to race, which is only adding to the problems on the highway.” Those additional problems are not surprising to transportation expert Gordon Price at Simon Fraser University. “This is physics. Whether it’s atoms or automobiles, if you increase the number of units going the same speed in the same space, I think a physicist can probably work out exactly what you’re likely to see in the way of more collisions,” he says. Price suggests the return to longer delays on the Port Mann Bridge likely won’t change if the region moves ahead with some form of road-pricing as a replacement for individual bridge tolls. “It really isn’t reasonable or fair to think that tolling should only be on bridges, and certainly not for only parts of the region,” he adds. “But how you do it fairly across a whole region in a way that all transit users and drivers feel is fair — that’s the political challenge.” Price expects Metro Vancouver and the province to move forward with some form of mobility pricing — paying for distance travelled — as a replacement for bridge tolls. “One way or the other, new technologies are going to allow us to properly price the use of the road or any form of transportation in a way that better reflects what the real value is,” Price says. “Making the right choices is what the mobility pricing commission is looking at and ultimately what our political leaders are going to have to decide on.” Meantime, Minister of Transportation and Infrastructure Claire Trevena says increased traffic across the Port Mann was expected after tolls were removed. “We removed tolls because we wanted to make sure that people were being treated equitably, so that people living anywhere in the Lower Mainland weren’t having to pay an unfair charge to cross a bridge just because of where they lived,” she explains. “In that respect we’re seeing a huge success, people have been clearly, clearly showing how much they have wanted to use these bridges which indeed has caused congestion.” Trevena expects the congestion to balance out over the next while. She adds a commission put together by the Mayors’ Council is looking at road pricing options, and are expected to submit recommendations next year. “When they do report that it’s something we will look at but the issue of tolls was to deal with an equity issue –the fact that certain people living in certain parts of the Lower Mainland were being penalized simply because of where they lived.” When asked about a possible increase in the number of collisions, Trevena says the province is always concerned about that issue, as well as how it may affect ICBC rates. She adds provincial campaigns are trying to target distracted and dangerous drivers.
Source: News 1130

::Citizenship Week is here! Tell us what being a Canadian means to you.

Ottawa, ON – Citizenship Week is being celebrated across Canada from October 9 to 15, 2017.
As we continue to mark Canada 150 by celebrating our citizenship, Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada invites you to be part of making Citizenship Week even bigger this year by reflecting on what it means to be a Canadian.
This year’s Citizenship Week is particularly special as we are also celebrating recent changes to the Citizenship Act that make acquiring citizenship more flexible and accessible, help strengthen diversity and promote greater attachment to Canada.
There are many ways you can celebrate Citizenship Week this year. Share stories of your citizenship journey and photos or video of your citizenship ceremony with us on Facebook, Twitter and Instagram using the hashtag #CitizenshipWeek. Your photos, videos and stories will help others join in the conversation.
Keep an eye out on social media for video testimonials from well-known Canadians sharing what being Canadian means to them.
Everyone is also invited to attend one of the many citizenship ceremonies where you can reaffirm your citizenship in celebration of Canada 150 and Citizenship Week. Details of ceremonies in your area can be found at
“During Citizenship Week, I encourage everyone to engage and inspire each other, and celebrate our shared values, our achievements and our pride as Canadians. This is a great time to reflect on what it means to be a Canadian and to be part of the Canadian family.”
-The Honourable Ahmed Hussen, Minister of Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship
Quick facts
•2017 marks the 70th anniversary of Canadian citizenship.
•On October 11, 2017, changes to the Citizenship Act resulting from Bill C-6 become law. These changes include: reducing the time permanent residents must be physically present in Canada before applying; amending the age range for applicants who must meet the language and knowledge requirements; and counting the days applicants spend in Canada as temporary residents or protected persons as half days toward their physical presence requirements, up to 365 days.
•In the past 10 years, Canada has welcomed over 1,750,000 proud new Canadians.
•So far in 2017, 70,000 people have become Canadian citizens. This year during Citizenship Week, more than 4,000 people will become Canadian citizens at 49 ceremonies across Canada
Minister’s Office
Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada

::When is Diwali 2017, how do Hindus celebrate it and what are the festival of light’s origins?
By: Becky Pemberton
All you need to know about the Hindu festival which features fireworks, feasts and gifts
THE festival of light is nearly here, with the five-day celebration observed by millions around the globe.
Diwali will see homes be decorated with candles and lights and people sharing gifts - but when is it taking place this year?
When is Diwali 2017?
The date of the festival is calculated according to the position of the moon and the Hindu lunar calendar and is usually in October or November.
This means the date of Diwali changes each year and in 2017 the main date will be held on Thursday, October 19.
The night before of Diwali is known as Narak Chaturdasi, and represents the day in which the Hindu demon Narakaasura died.
Celebrations continue for five days and on the last day, Bhaiyadooj or Feast to brothers takes place.
The day commemorates the bond between siblings with meals being hosted by sisters in honour of their brothers.
Diwali is observed by Hindus, Sikhs and Jains around the world and is often celebrated by street parties and fireworks.
Why is Diwali celebrated by Hindus?
The five-day festival, which coincides with Hindu New Year, is seen to be one of the most significant in the Indian culture.
Many people celebrate the legend of Hindu God Rama and his wife Sita’s returning to their kingdom in northern India after being exiled following the defeat of demon king Ravanna.
The word itself means “series of lights” and during the festival houses and shops are decorated with candles and lights.
This is meant to represent light over darkness and the Hindu belief that good will always triumph over evil.
For many Indians, Diwali honours Lakshmi, the goddess of wealth and people will start the new business year at Diwali and some will say prayers to the goddess for a prosperous year ahead.
What is the festival of light all about?
Diwali is marked by huge firework displays, which are supposed to reflect the celebrations of Lord Rama’s return.
Traditional earthen diyas or candles are lit, and houses are decorated with colourful rangoli artworks – patterns created on the floor using coloured rice or powder.
During the festival, families and friends share sweets and gifts and there is also a strong belief in giving to those in need. It is also traditional for homes to be cleaned and new clothes to be worn.
Indian sweets which come in a range of colours and flavours are also eaten during the celebrations, as well as various rich savoury and sweet dishes.

::The Last Salute travels to Lahore
By: Maheen Nusrat
Another simple yet elegant introduction of the last Salute was organized at the PAF Mess Lahore. By Sqn. Ldr. Shahid Hamid-course mate of Mr. Hussain. The event was managed beautifully by Mr. Hamid. Mavra Sajid, daughter of Sqn. Ldr. Sajid moderated the ceremony. Air Vice Marshal (AVM) Sajid Habib was the chief guest for the evening. Everyone was delighted with surprise appearance of Wing Commander Yalmaz Salim Arshi, an instructor pilot from their cadetship days. Mr. Habib refused to be the chief guest and Sir Arshi chaired the program. AVM Sajid Habib remained the guest of honor to share the head table. The event adhered to the basic PAF traditions of respect for senior officers. It started with recitation of the Holy Quran and introduction of the book by Sqn. Ldr. Nusrat Hussain. He briefly talked about his romance with the PAF and flirting actions with his romance. Group Captain Majeed Shafqat, Naqvi, Minhas, Tariq Sheikh recounted the good old days while speaking on the occasion. Zubair, Tariq Deen and other course mates of Hussain also spoke on the occasion. Ishtiaq Rasool, Umair Gilani, Tariq Khan, Mansoor Khan, and other prominent persons of the PAF attended the ceremony. The ceremony was also attended by the family of Sqn. Ldr. Sajid and Ayesha Gilani. Sir Arshi termed the PAF as his first love. In the end AVM Sajid Habib delivered a philosophical thought about the PAF. The ceremony ended with a brunch of Nihari, Chana, Halwa Puri and Purchase and signing of The last Salute by the author.
Hussain offered special thanks to Shahid Hamid, Mavra Sajid, Tariq and Nadeem Rasheed who came from Sialkot.
The Last Salute reaches the top man of Pakistan Air Force
Sqn.Ldr. Nusrat Hussain (Retd.) author of The Last Salute presented the book to Air Chief Marshal, Sohail Aman at Air House in Islamabad. The meeting was scheduled for 25 minutes, but stretched over time. Mr. Hussain briefed the Chief about his journey of writing the book. Air Chief Marshal also presented Hussain with the PAF Compass, an Air Force Manual authored by him.

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