Volume 18 Issue 464-Rajab 26, 1439 AH April 13, 2018

:: Articles & News
::Horgan says Alberta legislation to raise gas prices in B.C. ‘provocative

Premier John Horgan says he’s concerned and surprised that Alberta’s latest move in an escalating pipeline feud is legislation that could drive up British Columbia’s already sky-high gas prices. Alberta’s New Democrat government served notice Tuesday of plans to introduce legislation that Premier Rachel Notley has said will give the province the power to reduce oil flows and likely prompt a spike in gas prices in B.C. Motorists in Metro Vancouver currently pay more than $1.50 a litre for gas. The pipeline dispute between B.C., Alberta and the federal government heated up last weekend when Kinder Morgan Canada announced it was suspending work on the $7.4-billion Trans Mountain pipeline expansion because of opposition and delays in B.C. The project, which would triple capacity between Edmonton and Burnaby, B.C., received Ottawa’s approval in 2016, but court challenges and permit delays in B.C. have held up construction. The B.C. government announced in February that it will ask the court to decide if it has the right to restrict diluted bitumen in the Trans Mountain pipeline. The decision to refer the matter to the courts prompted Alberta to suspend a ban on wine imports from B.C. Horgan said Tuesday that he’s concerned about any new legislation in Alberta that may have adverse consequences in his province, including increased gas prices. “I’m always concerned when a jurisdiction to our east decides that they are going to take provocative action because of our attempt to talk to British Columbians about how we protect our environment,” he said. “I don’t believe legislation that would put an adverse impact on the people of B.C. is in anyone’s interest and I’m surprised the government of Alberta is bringing it forward.” Debate around Trans Mountain has turned to fear-mongering rather than facts and evidence, B.C. Green Leader Andrew Weaver said in a statement Tuesday. “In Alberta, Ms. Notley is engaging in her own fear-mongering by alleging this amounts to a ‘constitutional crisis,’ ” he said. “It is irresponsible to be throwing such inflammatory terms around when B.C. is simply trying to consult with British Columbians and to seek scientific evidence about a substance that poses a significant risk to our communities and to our economy.” Alberta’s proposed legislation is expected to be debated next week. Notley said Tuesday that the province is prepared to buy the pipeline in order to get its oil products to the ports on the West Coast. Kinder Morgan has set May 31 as the deadline for various stakeholders to reach agreement that could allow the project to proceed.
Source: Vancouver Sun

::Airbnb agrees to help enforce Vancouver’s short-term rental rules

Vancouver has reached an agreement with Airbnb that will see the company help enforce the city’s short-term rental rules on users.
Starting this month, new hosts will need to provide Airbnb with a business licence before they can rent out their home using the website. Existing hosts will have to provide one as well, but are being given a grace period of nearly five months, until Aug. 31. Mayor Gregor Robertson said the Airbnb deal is the “first of its kind in Canada,” and will help ensure more of the city’s housing stock goes toward housing people who live here, as opposed to visiting tourists.
“(Vancouver’s) new short-term rental regulations strike a fair balance for Vancouver residents who rely on income from short-term rentals to help make ends meet, while also recognizing that our first priority has to be making sure that Vancouverites have a secure and affordable place to call home,” Robertson said in a statement.
Officials estimate there are about 6,600 short-term rentals in the city, and that nearly nine-in-10 are listed on Airbnb. The licences cost $49 a year, and will be available starting on April 19. Vancouver will only be giving them to people who want to rent out their primary residence.
As part of the city’s agreement with Airbnb, the website has promised to hand over a list of all Vancouver licences and associated addresses every quarter, which officials will use to find illegal operators.
People caught breaking the rules will be subject to a fine of $1,000 per day.
New and existing Airbnb hosts will be required to grant permissions for the information-sharing.
Airbnb is proud to have partnered with the City of Vancouver on this landmark agreement,” said Alex Dagg, public policy director for Airbnb.
“This new system will make home sharing easier for Vancouverites and give the City the tools it needs to enforce their regulations.” Source:

::Trudeau looks to move on from controversial China, India visits with 10-day international trip

The stakes will be high on Justin Trudeau’s trip, the first stop of which will be Peru for the 8th Summit of the Americas, as the PM looks to leave behind his previous trips and land some new trade partners for Canada.
OTTAWA—Prime Minister Justin Trudeau will be looking to turn the page on his widely criticized trips to China and India — and land some new trade partners for Canada — when he embarks Thursday on a major 10-day foreign tour, including two major international summits with leaders from around the globe.
The stakes will be high, starting with Trudeau’s first stop in Peru for the 8th Summit of the Americas, which plays host every four years to more than 30 countries across the Western Hemisphere. There had been speculation that Canada, the U.S. and Mexico would announce some form of an agreement in principle on a new North American Free Trade Agreement. But while high-level talks are still expected to take place, the absence of U.S. President Donald Trump — he’s staying home, ostensibly to oversee the possible American response to a chemical attack in Syria — has dampened talk of ceremonial surprises.
Instead, the meeting is likely to be dominated by the political crisis in Venezuela, where president Nicolas Maduro, who will also not take part, has abandoned all pretence of democratic rule, cracking down on dissent in the face of spiralling economic calamity.
Brexit is also being seen as a potential catalyst for re-energizing the Commonwealth, thanks to a newly engaged British government, following years of questions about the organization’s importance.
The meeting, whose participants include a number of African and Asian countries such as Nigeria, Kenya, Rwanda, Pakistan and Bangladesh, is also expected to tackle concerns about human rights and democracy.
One issue close to Canada’s heart that won’t get individual billing during the London meeting, however, will be LGBTQ rights; member states have taken it off the agenda.
Canada has been an outspoken critic of Maduro and will no doubt join the chorus of condemnation in Peru while pushing for a tougher stand against corruption throughout the Americas. Trudeau will also meet with leaders from the Pacific Alliance, a trade bloc comprising Chile, Colombia, Mexico and Peru, all of which have free trade deals — and close political relationships — with Canada. He’ll also get a rare chance to meet with Latin America’s largest trading bloc, Mercosur, which counts powerhouse Brazil as well as Argentina, Paraguay and Uruguay among its members.
With the fate of NAFTA up in the air and efforts afoot to diversify trade away from the U.S., Canada and Mercosur quietly held a first round of free trade talks in March.......

::Statement from Mayor Linda Hepner
Surrey – For 33 years the City of Surrey has been a chosen priority in my life and I have been honoured to serve the people of this City. Now after this four year term as Mayor, nine years as Councillor and more than two decades as a senior staff member, I have decided not to seek re-election at the end of this Council term.
During my time with Surrey, the City has evolved from a modest suburb into the region’s second metropolitan centre and a globally recognized leading edge city. I am very proud to have contributed to this transformation, but there will always be more to do, more to achieve and, therefore, there is never an ideal time to leave.
I have thought long and hard about this and it has not been an easy decision to make, but I sincerely believe that now is the right time to dedicate more time to my family and friends. I look forward to serving out my term as Mayor as we finalize the largest investment in transportation and housing in the City’s history. In my more than three decades at the City of Surrey, I have had the pleasure to work with remarkable people at all levels and I have made many friends along the way. To all the staff at the City, I want to thank you for the exceptional work you have done and continue to do. Finally, I want to give my heartfelt thanks to the people of Surrey for their ongoing trust and support. It has been an honour and privilege to serve you and the City of Surrey.
Sincerely, Linda Hepner
From:Oliver Lum, Communications Manager

::Air Chief Marshal Sohail Aman (RETD)Author of “PAF Compass”

Sqn. Ldr. Nusrat Hussain (R)
Branch Rickey, an American baseball player once said, “It’s not the honor that you take with you, but the heritage you leave behind.”
Air Chief Marshal Sohail Aman served as twenty first Air Chief of the Pakistan Air Force (PAF) from 19 March 2015 to 18th March 2018. He leaves behind a rich legacy that would better serve the future generations of Pakistan Air Force.
One day I saw his picture in one of the newspapers of Pakistan where, in uniform, he was sitting at the feet of a mother of a Pilot who had embraced martyrdom in the line of duty. Few days later, I received a video in which the Air Chief Marshal was himself flying in a mission against terrorists entrenched in the mountainous region of North Waziristan. It made me his fan and a desire to meet him emerged in my heart.
On the morning of 7th September 2017; Pakistan Air Force Day, after the launch of my book The Last Salute at PAF Base Nur Khan, I came across the Air Chief at a dinner party held to celebrate the Air Force day at the beautiful lawns of the Air Head Quarters mess in Islamabad. My course mate Air Commodore Amjad Bashir introduced me to him and informed him about the book launch from that morning of The Last Salute. I expressed my desire of personally presenting him the book at a time of his convenience. Air Chief Marshal Sohail Aman asked his Personal Staff officer (PSO) Air Commodore Jahangiri to coordinate a meeting.
A few days later, I received a call from the PSO who informed me that he had arranged a slot of twenty-five minutes meeting with the Air Marshal. I was also informed that the Chief would himself call to confirm the meeting. After some time I received a telephone call from Air House and was told that the Air Chief would like to talk to me. He was very humble and gave me full protocol of a senior by calling me Sir. Maintaining my seniority, I responded by calling him ‘Chief’ or using his first name. This is a great tradition of the armed forces that once a senior always remains a senior. This seniority is established on the first day of joining your service at the PAF Academy. Air Chief Marshal Sohail Aman belonged to 69th G.D.(P) course and was 5 courses junior to me in the Air Force. We talked for a few minutes where I described The Last Salute and my life after leaving the Pakistan Air Force. He extended the invitation to visit him at the Air House. Upon arrival at the guard room, I was escorted by a Provost Jeep leading ahead with flashing lights on top.
After hearing about The Last Salute, the Air Chief said to me; “Sir, since you have penned a book, I would like to present to you a book that I too have written, and I think you would be able to appreciate it as an author.” He handed me a book titled ‘PAF Compass.’ After reading the book, I concluded that PAF Compass is a kind of constitution that can be adjusted by few degrees by reviewing after every three years. A periodic course correction in strategies can be made according to the changing environment. In my opinion this declaration in the document has provided permanence to the manual.
Aman explained the idea behind writing this manual: During one of the routine inspection of an Air Base, a young Flight Lieutenant asked the Air Chief Marshal that how it can be assured that policies driven under his command would maintain continuity. Aman’s obvious response was to mention his great team being trained under his command. The young Flight Lieutenant followed up with another question asking, if the Air Chief had done something towards legalising his chain of thoughts. The question stuck in his mind and after returning from inspection, he came up with the idea of introducing PAF Compass as Air Force Manual.
Aman instantly captured my attention when he started to explain the logic for using the word compass. The compass installed in an aircraft provides guidance for direction. His idea of producing PAF Compass and installing it as Air Force Manual has made it a legal document of direction for all the PAF personnel to follow for years to come.
What surprised me most was his number one topic ‘Value System’ that immediately appeared after the foreword in the Index of the Manual. In his introduction to Values, he relates it to the Islamic values built on character and recounts the Battle of Badar won by the Muslims despite a ratio of 1:3.
As a student of philosophy, it wasn’t difficult for me to connect his value system with Ethics, which is a branch of philosophy. The PAF value system after acknowledging the services of its predecessors, revolves around leadership qualities, communication with the under command, respecting merit, promoting respect for martyrs families and retired personnel. The Value system further encompasses moderation in thought and integrity with accountability and austerity.
After establishing a value system, the book moves on to nationhood- it can be inculcated by holding mass meetings by the commanders with the personnel under their command and by loudly singing the national anthem. Coordination with other sister forces, helping local governments in calamities, promoting the use of the national language, use of education squadrons in keeping motivated with true Islamic values to its personnel deployed on security duties are some factors described to install nationhood in the organization.
It is after forming a solid foundation of values and nationhood that the manual progresses to operational preparedness for the Pakistan Air Force. The manual enforces a responsibility on the commanders to visit once a month the units that are under their command and guide them towards understating the Air Head Quarters policies for war preparedness. The manual further discusses in detail about the importance of developing education and the well-being of its Human Resources.
The manual concludes with what I personally deem the most fascinating subject for me. It speaks of providing Empowerment to its personnel. A concept of Centralized
Control and Decentralized execution is introduced. I have practical experience of dealing with the concept by living in North America for over twenty years, but never before had I read it explained in this manner. Centralized Control means provision of direction by the highest level of command under a given set of circumstances. Decentralized execution means that a lower level commander, faced with those circumstances can take an instant decision under the guidelines provided by the highest level of command.
I was informed that the Pakistan Air Force had downed a drone entering in her territories. The Air Chief wasn’t asked for clearance of taking it down. The action was executed under clear guidelines provided by the Air Head Quarters. The Air Chief wasn’t informed instantly as the incident took place at an odd hour. He was informed later and there wasn’t any objection as the decision was well within the policies of engagement. This was a different Air Force than the one I left some twenty eight years ago in 1990. The Air Chief, in my opinion has provided the basic philosophy of engagement by introducing the Manual.
I was impressed by his short figure with serious deep eyes and humble nature. Out of deep love and respect for him, I placed my arm around his shoulders and whispered, “Sohail, I am using my privilege of the senior.” He smiled in return and gently brought his arm around my back when the photographer clicked our photo together. One of my very senior retired officers raised a serious eyebrow at the picture. My response to him was, “Sir - I would only do it to a person who earned my extreme love and respect from my heart.” This meeting that was scheduled to last only twenty-five minutes actually lasted for about an hour.
I wanted to write this article earlier when Aman was still in office, but I held back my thoughts for his retirement that was approaching soon. In my opinion a true tribute is most appropriate when the person walks out of his office of power. I wish all the best to Air Chief Marshal, Sohail Aman (R) and hope to see him in the political arena of Pakistan one day.


::Forgotten hero Ch. Rahmat Ali

By:Zafar Alam Sarwar, Islamabad
There are many Pak and Kashmiri elders in Rawalpindi-Islamabad, Lahore and Karachi who reminiscence the crucial days of struggle for freedom from imperialist rule before and after 1940.
Then ‘daal-roti’ might have been problem for ordinary citizens, but they cared for each other’s welfare. The same spirit of brotherhood and self-determination as witnessed on February 5 every year is notable.
Educated youths caught hold of city olds the other day and asked them repeatedly why they and most politicians had forgotten Chaudhry Rahmat Ali---the young student credited with creating the name of Pakistan. Why was he harassed when he came from England to Pakistan after it was achieved? How he returned dejected and died on February 3, 1951.
Octogenarian Khawaja Shahid of Lahore, who had served the British government in Delhi until independence, told the inquisitive youth that the forgotten hero was born in November 1897 at Mohar village in Hoshiarpur. After early education he joined the Islamia College, Railway Road, Lahore, worked as part-time staffer in the Paisa Akhbaar, and was also on the editorial desk of the Kashmiri Gazette to overcome the financial problem. He also joined the Law College, and later he served as House Master in the Atchison College.
The young man left the job in 1930 and went abroad for higher studies, and got admission in Emmanuel College of Cambridge on January 5, 1931as an affiliated student from the University of the Punjab. He did his graduation and passed the M.A. examination from the same institution. He became a Barrister-at-Law in January 1943 from the Inner Temple Inn, London, where Quaid-i-Azam Mohammad Ali Jinnah also had studied.
The unforgotten hero launched the Pakistan National Movement (PNM) and published several pamphlets on partition of the sub-continent. It was he who coined the word “Pakistan”, and presented his ideas for the first time in a circular letter dated January 8, 1933 to the members of the Joint Parliamentary Committee on the Indian Constitutional Reforms.
He entitled his famous pamphlet ‘Now or Never’ which was an appeal on behalf of nearly 30 million Muslims of the sub-continent for recognition of their national status quite distinct from other inhabitants of India. When the British parliament was finalising the Government of India Bill 1935, Ch. Rahmat Ali, founder-president of the PNM, distributed a four-page letter among the members of Parliament, leading officials as well as dignitaries of the foreign countries in London.
His active struggle for Pakistan, the Pakistan National Movement, and united work of his associates and friends to join hands with M.A. Jinnah generated the interest of the masses in his performance and personality.
The son of a peasant---who fought for freedom and dreamed an exploitation-free state not ruled by any blood-thirsty feudal lord and power-hungry capitalist---breathed his last on February 3, 1951, and was buried as amanat (trust) at Cambridge.“How cruel we are to such heroes?” say angry youths.

::Dr. Sir Allma Mohammad Iqbal Time line from November 9, 1877 To April 21, 1938.

1877: Born at Sialkot (present-day Pakistan) on Friday, November 9, 1877. Kashmiri origin.
1893–1895: High School and Intermediate – Scotch Mission College, Sialkot.
1897: B.A. (Arabic and Philosophy) –
Government College, Lahore. Awarded
Jamaluddin Gold Medal for
securing highest marks in Arabic, and another Gold Medal in English.
1899:M.A. (Philosophy) – Government College, Lahore. Secured first rank in Punjab state and awarded Gold Medal. Reader in Arabic, Oriental College, Lahore.
1900:Read his poem “Nala-e-Yateem” (Wails of an Orphan) at the annual function of Anjuman-e-Himayat-e- Islam at Lahore.
1901:Poem“Himala” published in Makhzan.
Assistant Commissioner’s Examination (didn’t qualify for medical reasons).
1903: Assistant Professor, Government College, Lahore.
Published his first book, Ilm Al-Iqtisad (Study of Economics), Lahore.
1905: Traveled to England for higher studies.
1907: Ph.D., Munich University, Germany (Thesis: The Development of Metaphysics in Persia).
1907–1908: Professor of Arabic, University of London.
1908: Bar-at-Law, London.Returned to India.
Started law practice on October 22, 1908.
Part-time Professor of Philosophy and English Literature.
1911: Wrote and read famous poem “Shikwa” (Complaint) at Lahore.
Professor of Philosophy, Government College, Lahore.
1912: Wrote the epoch-making “Jawab-e-Shikwa” (Reply to Complaint).
1913: Wrote History of India for middle school students, Lahore.
1915: Published a long Persian poem “Asrar-e-Khudi” (“Secrets of Self”).
Resigned from professorship to spread the message of Islam.
1918:In counterpart to Asrar-e-Khudi, published Rumuz-e-Bekhudi (Mysteries of Selflessness) in Persian.
1920: English translation of Asrar-e-Khudi by R.A. Nicholson, entitled Secrets of Self.
Visited Kashmir and presented his famous poem “Saqi Nama” at Srinagar.
1923:Awarded knighthood at Lahore on January 1, 1923. Published Payam-i-Mashriq (The Message of the
East) in Persian. It was written in response to Goethe’s West-Ostlicher Divan.
1924:Prepared Urdu course material for Grade 6–7 students at Lahore. Published “Bang-e-Dara” (“Call of the
Caravan”) in Urdu in March 1924.
1926: Elected to Punjab Legislative Council, Lahore (1926–1929).
1927: Published Zabur-i-Ajam in Persian.
1929: Delivered six lectures at Madras, Osmania University at Hyderabad, and Aligarh. He commented on the latest scientific and philosophical developments of the 1920s in the light of Islamic teachings.
1930: President, All-India Muslim League. Elaborated on the idea of an independent Muslim state in his
presidential speech at Allahabad.
1931:Published Reconstruction of Religious Thought in Islam, a collection of six lectures, Lahore; also published
by Oxford University Press. Participated in Mo’tamar-A’lam-e-Islami (World Muslim Conference) in Palestine.
Participated in the Second Round Table Conference, London, September 7–
December 31, 1931.
1932: Visited Paris and met French philosophers Bergson and Massignon. Bergson was astonished to hear his
remark on the Islamic concept of time. Published Javid Nama in Persian. It was a reply to Dante’s Divine Comedy.
Participated in the Third Round Table Conference, London, Nov 17–Dec 24, 1932.
1933:Iqbal met Mussolini in Rome after Mussolini expressed his interest to meet him.
Visited Cordoba, Spain and wrote the poems “Dua” (“Supplication”) and “Masjid-e-Qurtuba” (“The Mosque of Cordoba”).
Served as Advisor to the Government of Afghanistan on higher education (October 1933).
Awarded Honorary D. Litt degree by Punjab University on December 4, 1933.
1934: “Musafir” (“Traveller”) in Persian.
1935:Published Bal-e-Jibril in Urdu.
1936:Published Zarb-i-Kalim in April 1936, “Pas Che Bayad Kard” in Persian, and
“Payam-e-Mashriq” in September 1936.
1937: Ulema from Al-Azhar University
visited Iqbal at Lahore.
1938:Jawahar Lal Nehru visited Iqbal at
Lahore in January 1938.
Iqbal died at Lahore on April 21, 1938.
Armaghan-i-Hijaz, a collection of Urdu and Persian poems, published posthumously